What’s the division of properties?
During the marriage husband and wife may merge their separate properties into the common property and may also divide the common property together.
And if they divorce, the assets are divided, it is the end of the common property between the ex-spouses. That is the division of property.
There is also a division of properties in case of a succession, but here we will focus only on the divorce.
Who decides on the division of properties during a divorce?
According to the Law on Marriage and Family of 2014, the division of properties is based on the principle of voluntary agreement. So the spouses are the ones who decide, and if they fail to come up with an agreement, they have the right to request a Court to settle the division of common properties according to Article 59 of the Law on Marriage and Family 2014.
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How the division is done?
Solving the property issue upon divorce depends on the property regime that the couple chooses.
If they choose the property regime according to the agreement (in writing and notarized), the settlement of the property division after divorce must be in accordance with the agreement. So they can negotiate with each other on all matters. Then if it is unclear or incomplete, the Court apply the corresponding provisions of the property regime as prescribed by the Law.
If they choose the property regime according to the Law, the settlement of property division is agreed by them first. But in case of disagreement, the Court will divide it as their request. And for this, the judge will take into account some elements such as family status, children and spouse, contribution of husband and wife, income, each party’s fault in violation of marital rights and obligations, etc.
The liquidation statement has to be in writing and signed by both ex-spouses. And when real estate is at stake, the statement has to be notarized.
Which assets are not divided?
According to Article 11 of Decree No. 126/2014/ND-CP, some assets will not be divided because they are considered private property. For example, properties for which a spouse has established his/her ownership, right to intellectual property, assets acquired before marriage, assets inherited separately etc.
What about the house?
Until the divorce, spouses remain in solidarity for the rents’ payments.
After the divorce, the spouses can agree between themselves, and then the house will be divided according to their agreement.
If they cannot reach an agreement on the division, there are two possible scenarios:
- The house is a separate/personal property, then it is not subject to division.
- The house is a joint property: Division of property does not necessarily mean a physical division. Instead, the court may award each of the spouses a percentage of the total value of the properties. For instance, in a 50/50 split, one is awarded 70% of the value of the joint properties but he/she must pay the other an equivalent of 20% to make up for the difference. On the other hand, they could agree to sell the house and then share the money.
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 « Settlement of property disputes when divorces? », Luatvietan.vn
 « When divorced, which assets are not divided? », LuatVietnam.vn